EPFL unveils perovskite solar module with record-breaking efficiency of 23.3% – pv magazine International

2 minutes, 36 seconds Read

The solar modules are based on the record-breaking 25.32%-efficient 2D/3D perovskite solar cells that the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne unveiled in July 2023. The panel has an aperture area of 27.22 cm2, and were encapsulated by glass-glass encapsulation technology combined with an edge seal of the module under UV light illumination. 

May 10, 2024

An international group of scientists led by the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland has developed a solar panel relying on the record-breaking 25.32%-efficient 2D/3D perovskite solar cells it unveiled in July 2023.

“Our new research demonstrates a larger surface area of 27.22 cm2, achieving an impressive efficiency of 23.3%,” the research’s lead author, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin, told pv magazine. “This brings us one step closer to the commercialization of this groundbreaking technology and marks a significant advancement in perovskite solar cells.”

In the paper “Dopant-additive synergism enhances perovskite solar modules,” published in nature, Nazeeruddin and his colleagues explained that the module’s high efficiency was achieved thanks to a synergistic dopant-additive combination strategy aimed to improve the cell absorber’s uniformity and crystallinity. They used, in particular, methylammonium chloride (MACl) as a dopant and a Lewis-basic ionic liquid known as 1,3-bis(cyanomethyl)imidazolium chloride ([Bcmim]Cl) as an additive.

“This strategy effectively inhibits the degradation of the perovskite precursor solution (PPS), suppresses the aggregation of MACl and results in phase-homogeneous and stable perovskite films with high crystallinity and fewer defects,” the research team stated.

The panel utilizes a cell with a substrate made of tin oxide (FTO), an electron transport layer made of titanium oxide (TiO2) and tin(IV) oxide (SnO2), a 3D perovskite layer, a 2D perovskite layer, a spiro-OMeTAD hole transport layer, and a metal contact based on gold (Au).  The cell uses a 2D perovskite layer at the interface between the perovskite and the hole transport layer, which the researchers said can improve charge-carrier transport/extraction while suppressing ion migration.

Popular content

The modules were encapsulated by glass-glass encapsulation technology combined with an edge seal of the module under UV light illumination.

Tested under standard illumination conditions, the panels achieved a certified efficiency of 23.30% and a stabilized efficiency of 22.97% over a 27.22-cm2 aperture area. According to the research group, it is the highest efficiency ever recorded for a perovskite solar module of this size. “Furthermore, the perovskite solar modules showed long-term operational stability, maintaining 94.66% of the initial efficiency after 1,000 h under continuous one-sun illumination at room temperature,” it added.

The scientists believe this module technology could be transferred into large-scale production and lead to the commercialization of perovskite-based photovoltaic technologies.

The research group also included academics from the Chinese Academy of Science, the Southern University of Science and Technology, Xi’an Jiaotong University and the Soochow University in China, as well as from the Lomonosov Moscow State University in Russia, the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Germany’s Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, and the Toin University of Yokohama in Japan.

This content is protected by copyright and may not be reused. If you want to cooperate with us and would like to reuse some of our content, please contact: [email protected].

This post was originally published on 3rd party site mentioned in the title of this site

Similar Posts